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Glossary of Punjabi Terms ( D - J )

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Dal Khalsa 
The Khalsa army set up on Baisakhi day 1748 and divided up into 11 misls.
Dasam Granth
The book of writings of Guru Gobind Singh compiled after his death by Bhai Mani Singh and finished in 1734.
Giving of one-tenth of ones income to charity.
Deg Teg
The dual responsibility of the Panth to provide food and protection for the needy and opressed.
One who sings the praises of God
Dharam Yudh
War in the defence of righteousness.
Religion or teaching or lifestyle, as in Sikh Dharma.
Indian festival also celebrated by Sikhs. From the time of Guru Amar Das onwards Sikhs annually gathered on this day. In 1577 the foundation stone of the Harmandir Sahib was also laid on this day.
Congregational worship where Guru Granth Sahib is present.
Verse form used commonly by Guru Nanak and Kabir consisting of stanzas of two rhyming lines.
F Top
Forty Immortals
Forty Sikhs who died in the battle of Muktsar in 1762 and blessed by Guru Gobind Singh.
G Top
The seat or throne of guruship.
A person of spiritual knowledge.
One who performs the reading of the Guru Granth Sahib at religious occassions, it may be a man or women.
Sikh ideal is that of being married, having a family, earning ones living by honest socially useful employment, serving ones fellow human beings and worshipping God.
The writings of the Gurus.
Name given to a Sikh temple. It means 'Gateway to the Guru'.
A general term for Sikhism, including the teachings of the Gurus, as well as the Rahit Maryada.
A resolution passed in a council presided over by the Guru or the advice of the Guru.
Someone who has become God oriented and God filled instead of self centred (manmukh).
The written form of Punjabi used in the Sikh scriptures, propogated by Guru Nanak and Guru Angad.
Someone who is deeply and sincerely devoted to the service of the Guru.
The celebration of the anniversary of the birth or death of a Guru. Also applied to the anniversary of the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in 1604 or the deaths of the sons of Guru Gobind Singh.
Guru Granth Sahib The Holy book of the sikh religion.This book is consisdered as the eternal Guru that contains many different holy scriptures.
Book containing the daily prayers of the Sikhs.
H Top
Pride, one of the weaknesses.
Hazare Shabad
The common name given to 7 Shabads from the Guru Granth Sahib and 10 from the Dasam Granth.
Pride and self centeredness.
Hola Mohalla
Annual spring gathering of Sikhs at Anandpur Sahib for sports contests, music and poetry compositions. The annual celebration was initiated by Guru Gobind Singh in 1680.
The ordered will of God.
Instructions issued by the Gurus, or other people in Sikh authority.
I Top
Ik Onkar
It is found at the beginning of the Mul Mantra meaning Their is Only One God.
Outdoor procession led by the Guru Granth Sahib and five Khalsa Sikhs.
Janam Sakhi
A bibliographic account of the live of Guru Nanak, or other Gurus.
Devout repetition of the divine name of God, or a scripture.
Japji Sahib
A composition of Guru Gobind Singh read by Sikhs as part of their daily prayers.
The appointed head of one of the five Sikh Takhts.
Jhatka Meat
Meat of an animal which has been killed quickly with one stroke. Guru Gobind Singh dictated that Sikhs can eat jhatka meat of any animal but cannot eat Muslim Halal meat, where the animal has been slowly bled to death.
Jivan Mukti
The Sikh belief that a person may achieve spiritual liberation during their lifetime and not necessarily only on their death.
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